Getting there: Fly into 11 international gateways served by major international airlines. Flight duration, depending on where a visitor is coming from can be vast (up to 14 hours), so it is common to stopover in Singapore, Hong Kong, Dubai, Bangkok or Kuala Lumpur. Almost half of the international visitors coming to Australia fly into Sydney, the country's largest city. The majority of the rest fly into Melbourne, followed by Brisbane and Perth.
Capital city: Canberra.
Population: 24.300 million.
Religion: No state religion. The majority identify as Christian.
Currency: Australian dollar (AUD).
Climate: Australia is too large to describe as having one climate. Most of the continent is desert. The southeast and southwest regions have a temperate climate, while the north is tropical.
Transport: Australia's major towns have reliable, cheap public bus and train networks. Taxis operate Australia-wide. For transport between towns there are interstate rail, bus and airline services Be wary of travelling solo between cities — distances are vast.
Best time to travel: Spring (September to November) or Autumn (March to May). The temperatures are neither extreme hot nor cold. These times also mean busy school holidays and peak Christmas traffic are avoided.
What to wear: Casual covers it. Recommended essentials are sunglasses, a sunhat and suncream.