Travelling there: Fly into Barcelona–El Prat Airport (BCN), just one of several international airports in Spain or train through the Channel Tunnel from the UK. Enter overland through France and Portugal either by rail or road. Take a boat into one of its many ports.
Capital city: Madrid
Population: 47.924 million.
Religion: The majority of the population is Roman Catholic.
Currency: Euro (EUR).
Climate: Due to its size, it can be difficult to succinctly describe Spain's climate. A Mediterranean climate dominates the south and southeast with hot, dry summers and mild, rainy winters. The vast central plateau is more continental. The north has a maritime climate with rainfall through the year. The Canary Islands have a sub-tropical climate.
Transport: Most major metropolitan centres have a very good network of bus and train services with both over- and underground rail services.
Best time to travel: The best time to travel to southern Spain is spring and autumn (March to May and September to October) when temperatures are more comfortable. Northern Spain can get very cold and damp in winter so is best visited in summer (June to August). Central Spain is best visited in springtime (March to May) when the weather is pleasant.
What to wear: The Spanish care a lot about personal appearance and generally dress conservatively but smartly all the same.