Travelling there: The majority of international flights that come to Tokyo fly into Narita Airport (NRT), about an hour from Tokyo by express train. If planning to explore western Japan or the Kansai region, it might be more convenient to fly into Kansai International Airport (KIX) near Osaka.
Capital city: Tokyo.
Population: 126.486 million.
Religion: Shinto and Buddhism are Japan's two major religions.
Currency: Japanese Yen (JPY).
Climate: Japan has four distinct seasons with a climate ranging from subarctic in the north to subtropical in the south. Conditions differ between the Pacific side of the country and the Sea of Japan side. Northern Japan has warm summers and very cold winters with heavy snow on the Sea of Japan side and in mountainous areas.
Transport: Transport in Japan is modern, fast, punctual and highly developed. In many cities, day passes for unlimited travel on bus, tram or subway systems are available.
Best time to travel: Japan is a year-round destination, and Japanese culture is remarkable in its appreciation of the changing of the seasons — every season is celebrated with seasonal foods and often festivals.
What to wear: Locals generally dress conservatively albeit stylishly. The younger generation can be very out there and daring in their dressing. Dressing up rather than down would best to fit in.