Travelling there: Fly into Galeão International Airport (GIG) in Rio de Janeiro or Aeroporto Guarulhos International Airport (GRU) in São Paulo. All South American capital cities are connected to São Paulo and Rio by air.
Capital city: Brasilia.
Population: 209.515 million.
Religion: Roman Catholic.
Currency: Brazilian Real (BRL).
Climate: Being a vast country, the climate varies considerably with the north being tropical — as the the mouth of the Amazon lies on the Equator — and the south, temperate, as it lies below the Tropic of Capricorn.
Transport: A country the size of Brazil relies strongly on air travel. Almost all towns will have an air strip. Buses are another viable transport method, being easy, comfortable and economical. Train or private car use is not recommended.
Best time to travel: The high season (December to March) is a hot but festive time with lively crowds and high prices. The low season (May to September) offers lower prices and mild temperatures in the south.
What to wear: In Brazil’s bigger and more cosmopolitan cities such as Rio and São Paulo, a smart casual look is appropriate. Brazilian beach culture is a fashion unto itself — bikinis or briefs that reveal the most skin are welcomed.