Travelling there: Fly into Istanbul’s Atatürk International Airport (IST) or cross overland by car, bus or train though the last option may not be practical or fast.
Capital city: Ankara.
Population: 79.866 million.
Religion: While there is no state religion, the majority identify as Muslim.
Currency: Turkish lira (TRY).
Climate: The coast along the Aegean and Mediterranean Seas has a typical mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and mild to cool, rainy winters. The coast bordering the Black Sea has a temperate oceanic climate, rainy through the year with warm, wet summers and cool to cold, wet winters.
Transport: Buses are the main mode of transport even between towns as the railway system is not very extensive. Within towns the options are dolmuş (minibuses), taksi dolmuş (shared taxis), metros and trams.
Best time to travel: Spring (March to mid-May) is the best time to visit Turkey as the temperatures are moderate and the daylight hours are longer. It is also peak season.
What to wear: Smart casual in the cities and casual at the seaside but both sexes should definitely cover up to visit any religious sites or mosques. However, in rural Turkey, women tend to dress much more modestly in long skirts, salwar (baggy trousers) and cotton headscarves.