Travelling there: Fly into Juan Santamaría International Airport (SJO) outside San José, and Daniel Oduber Quirós International Airport (LIR), near the northern city of Liberia. Most routes pass through the USA and passengers have to comply with US entry requirements.
Capital city: San José.
Population: 4.8 million.
Currency: Costa Rican colón (CRC).
Climate: A temperate tropical climate without a real summer or winter due to its proximity to the equator, It has a dry season commencing in December through to April and a rainy season from May to November. Days in the dry season have temperature variations of up to 18 degrees Celsius.
Transport: Domestic flights will circumvent the otherwise the rough, mountainous terrain that translates to very long road trips. Rent a car for short journeys or hop into shuttles (shared transportation on minibuses) or take private vans. Public bus and ferries are choices too, as also travelling horseback.
Best time to travel: Costa Rica is a year round destination. Most choose the dry high season (December to April), as the constant sunshine makes it an ideal time to explore rainforests and lounge on beaches. Prices will however be higher. If a little rain is not bothersome, consider the rainy low season — the Green Season — (May to November) as the country becomes especially verdant, hence the moniker. The advantages are lower prices and smaller crowds.
What to wear: There are no restrictions on clothing. Costa Rica has a very relaxed dress code except for perhaps the capital city. Carry a lightweight jacket for the cooler nights especially when visiting the cloud forests or volcanoes.