Travelling there: Fly into Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport (SCL) in Santiago direct from Europe, the Americas and Oceania. Chile also has a crossable border with Peru, Bolivia, and Argentina to the east.
Capital city: Santiago.
Population: 18.11 million.
Religion: Roman Catholic.
Currency: Chilean peso (CLP).
Climate: The longitudinal length of the country and its 4000-kilometre coastline gives Chile a variety of climates. Broadly speaking, the country has an arid desert climate to the north, a mediterranean-style climate with moderate temperatures and wide ranging day and night temperatures in the centre, and a more humid, wetter south region with even lower temperatures than the rest of the country.
Transport: There are only a few domestic airports with limited flights but if intending to travel the length of Chile, going by air would still be best as flights only take maximum 4 hours. Otherwise, the most popular means of getting around the regions is by taking a bus from any of the numerous bus fleets. Get around cities in taxis and colectivos (resemble taxis but run on fixed routes much like buses). Only Santiago has a metro. Explore some of the best fjord scenery outside of Norway by ferry or boat
Best time to travel: This varies greatly. June to August is the best time for ski resorts. The shoulder period (September to November and March to May) is great for Central Chile though Santiago City itself is best visited in summer when the locals empty out of it to go on their annual vacation. Patagonia is best visited during the high season of November to February. From December through to February, the beaches heave with crowds.
What to wear: Dress in layers that can be shed when temperatures rise. A warm windproof jacket is a must; as is sun protection from the especially strong sunlight.