Travelling there: The main gateways into the country are Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KUL) in West Malaysia, and Kota Kinabalu International Airport (BKI) and Kuching International Airport (KCH) in East Malaysia. As Peninsular Malaysia shares its northern border with Thailand and its southern border with Singapore, overland entry by rail or bus is also possible.
Capital city: Kuala Lumpur.
Population: 30.719 million.
Religion: Malaysia is multicultural and multi-religion. The majority practise Islam.
Language: Standard Malay.
Currency: Malaysian Ringgit (MYR).
Climate: Malaysia's climate is equatorial, hot and humid throughout the year.
Transport: Taxis, bicycle rickshaws and buses abound. Kuala Lumpur also has commuter trains, a Light Rail Transit and a monorail system. Bus services and taxis are taken between towns. There is a train service that connects Singapore to Thailand going through the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia. In the jungle, one may have to resort to riverboats and airplanes as alternatives to lengthy treks.
Best time to travel: The best time to visit most of the region is generally between March and early October after the rainy season when there is less humidity. There is risk however of air pollution caused by the annual forest fires in Indonesia.
What to wear: Malaysia is relatively conservative when it comes to dress: anything that draws attention to oneself should be avoided. Exposing lots of skin is also frowned upon. Dress codes are more liberal in the cities and on the beach, however. Choose breathable lightweight fabrics suited to the tropics.