Travelling there: Icelandair offers several flights departing daily from major cities in the United States and Europe to Keflavík Leifur Eiríksson International Air Terminal (KEF). Car ferries are available from Denmark and Faroe Islands.
Capital city: Reykjavik.
Religion: Most Icelanders (80 per cent) belong to the Lutheran State Church.
Language: Icelandic, although English is widely spoken.
Currency: Icelandic Króna (ISK).
Climate: Iceland has two climatic zones; cold oceanic along the southern and western coasts due to the warm Gulf Stream, leading to mild winter temperatures, and tundra in the highlands of the interior.
Transport: Most visitors choose to explore the stunning countryside by rental car, or bus as part of a guided tour. There are no trains in Iceland. There are ferries servicing various islands and fjords. Air Iceland and Eagle Air provide domestic flights from the Reykjavik Airport to many towns around the country. In the capital city, Reykjavik, most of the sightseeing can be done by foot.
Best time to travel: June, July and August are the warmest and busiest months in Iceland with the longest daylight hours and best availability of outdoor activities. If wanting a self-drive holiday but not used to driving in the snow, summer is much safer.
What to wear: During the winter months make sure to bring warm winter clothing, but even in summertime one should be prepared with warm layers. As they saying goes, “There's no such thing as bad weather, just bad clothing.”