Getting there: It is easiest to fly into Aeropuerto Internacional El Dorado (BOG), Colombia's biggest international airport, located in Bogotá (the country’s capital city). For those wanting to travel by land, entry is possible through Brazil, Peru, Venezuela and Ecuador. The traveller who enjoys both the journey and destination can take a riverboat cruise from Brazil, Peru or Panama.
Capital city: Bogotá.
Population: 48.65 million.
Religion: Roman Catholic.
Currency: Colombian peso (COP).
Climate: Colombia's position in the equatorial region means it does not really have seasons — but rather, changes in rainfall. The country is customarily described in terms of five broad climatic zones, resulting from differences in elevation. The lower elevations are hotter, while the upper elevations are challenging to human habitation.
Transport: In the towns and cities the choice is between regular taxis, motorcycle taxis or buses which include shared buses or colectivos. Take a plane or bus for regional travel.
Best time to travel: Colombia is a year-round destination, however the dry season from December to March and July to August are good times to visit if planning on trekking the interiors. The country’s Caribbean coastline always has good weather.
What to wear: Colombians generally do not wear shorts, and flip flops are a definite no with smart-casual being the preferred dress code. Men should always wear long pants and closed-toe shoes in Colombia and women can opt for jeans, skirts and dresses. It is a good idea to carry a sweater or jacket as temperatures drop in the evenings, especially in Bogotá.