Travelling there: Fly into the main gateway Amsterdam Airport Schiphol (AMS) or choose from other airports depending on the region of The Netherlands one is visiting. Take direct ferries from several European cities or train in from Brussels to towns and cities all over the country. Arrive by road in a private vehicle or a coach service.
Capital city: Amsterdam.
Population: 16.976 million.
Religion: Religion in the Netherlands was predominantly Christianity until the late 20th century, after which atheism, ietsism, agnosticism, and Christian atheism have been on the rise.
Language: Dutch, Frisian.
Currency: Euro (EUR).
Climate: Temperate maritime, meaning relatively consistent weather year-round. July and August are the best months for soaking up the sunshine. Winters tend to be rainy.
Transport: The public transport system is excellent; a fully integrated network of trains and buses, with Amsterdam and Rotterdam additionally having metro networks. Trams cover many city routes. The cycling infrastructure is comprehensive.
Best time to travel: The high season peaks in July and August, when the weather is at its finest. But the weather barely varies between seasons, and the shoulder periods can be equally attractive.
What to wear: Clothing to keep dry as well as warm in. The weather is notoriously unpredictable. Dressing in layers is a good idea.