Travelling there: Mongolia’s major international airport is Ulaanbaatar’s Chinggis Khaan International Airport (ULN). There are also land border crossings from China and Russia but the only way foreigners can travel in or out by land is to take the the Trans-Mongolian Railway which links Beijing and Moscow.
Capital city: Ulaanbaatar.
Population: 3.001 million.
Religion: Mongolian Buddhism .
Currency: Mongolian tögrög (MNT).
Climate: Mongolia has an extreme continental climate with long, dry and very cold winters, and short mild summers which is when it gets most of its rain. In general, the country is extremely sunny the majority of the year.
Transport: Minivans and jeeps, which can be shared or hired privately, are the most used modes of transport for travel in the countryside. Within towns, taxis and minibuses are popular. Yaks and camels are also recognised forms of transport in Mongolia.
Best time to travel: Summertime from June to August is peak season. It is mostly dry and warm with some thunderstorms. For a quieter trip, consider the shoulder months of May or September to October.
What to wear: With scorching summer days but frigid nights, the key is to layer clothing. Wintertime will require thick, warm clothes.