Travelling there: Fly into the largest airport of the Baltic States, Riga International Airport (RIX) on direct connections from 30 countries. Overland routes involve long-distance buses and trains connecting the capital to St Petersburg, Moscow or drive in by car. Ferry services shuttle passengers to Sweden, Germany and Estonia.
Capital city: Riga.
Population: 1.949 million.
Religion: Christianity is the dominant religion, of which Lutheranism is the main denomination.
Currency: Euro (EUR).
Climate: The climate is generally temperate, but with considerable temperature variations. Summer and winter can be intense in Latvia but spring and autumn are mild. Precipitation is distributed throughout the year, with the highest amount occurring in August.
Transport: Latvia has good and regular bus connections, making it one of the most convenient means of transport for anyone who wants to get to know Latvia’s cities, towns and its vast countryside. Latvia’s rail network system connects the Latvian capital with lines out to seven different directions — terminating in Tukums, Liepāja, Daugavpils, Zilupe, Gulbene, Valga and Skulte.
Best time to travel: The best time to visit is late spring and summer, when the streets are alive, the weather is fine and plenty of local food is available.
What to wear: In summer, fine textured clothes are best but don’t forget to take a light jacket or sweater for the late evenings when it gets cooler. In winter, late autumn and early spring it is advisable to dress warmly.