Travelling there: Most flights to Finland land at Helsinki-Vantaa airport (HEL), 19 kilometres north of the capital.
Capital city: Helsinki.
Population: 5.439 million.
Religion: Two state religions: the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland and the Finnish Orthodox Church.
Language: Finnish and Swedish.
Currency: Euro (EUR).
Climate: Summer is warm and bright with almost 20 hours of daylight at the latitude of Helsinki. In winter (November to April), northern Finland is covered by snow and parts of the country are shrouded in perpetual darkness, known as polar night.
Transport: Car, rail, buses,ferry, air.
Best time to travel: Deciding what to do will help in choosing the best time to visit Finland. The Aurora and snow activities occur in winter. Summer is great for hiking and kayaking.
What to wear: Depending on location, winter in Finland can last from four to six months between November and April. Temperatures range from zero to –35. Dressing right is all about layers.