Getting there: It is most easily accessible by air. Peru (mainly Lima’s Jorge Chávez International Airport (LIM) has direct flights to and from cities all over the Americas as well as continental Europe. Overland access is possible from Ecuador, Bolivia and Chile.
Capital city: Lima.
Population: 31.72 million.
Religion: Roman Catholic.
Currency: Peruvian Nuevo Sol (PEN).
Climate: The coast is warm, temperate and sunny all year round with very little rainfall. The Andes mountains have two seasons, a dry summer with sunny days and cold nights and a winter that is wet and rainy. The eastern jungle lowlands have the same dual seasons with high humidity all year round.
Transport: Planes and buses are the more popular means of transport between towns while shorter distances can be covered by ferries, boats, taxis, mototaxi (rickshaws) and minibuses. The larger cities also have El Metropolitano — a rapid transit bus system.
Best time to travel: The best time to visit the coast is between December and February while it’s hot, while the mountains and jungle are at their best once the rains end, from May until September.
What to wear: Dress in layers that can be shed as the day heats to a boil. Quick drying fabrics are best. If trekking, good quality, hard rubber-soled shoes are a must.