Getting there: International flights will land at Augusto C. Sandino International Airport (MGA) in Managua. You can enter Nicaragua by land from Honduras and Costa Rica. International buses pull into Managua, often via Granada and Rivas.
Capital city: Managua.
Population: 6.1 million.
Religion: Roman Catholic.
Currency: Nicaraguan córdoba (NIO).
Climate: Nicaragua has two seasons ; wet and dry, with the lowlands experiencing a tropical climate which gets distinctly cooler in the highlands. The wet season lasts from mid-May to November and the dry season, December to April.
Transport: Tiny propeller planes shuttle between towns and outlying islands. Taking the local bus or express mini-van services can be quite chaotic so taxis and shuttle buses are the more popular, albeit more expensive way, of getting around.
Best time to travel: Visit during December to February. These months mark the beginning of the dry season before the weather becomes too hot and dry. If into surfing, the best swells arrive in the wet season.
What to wear: It is very unusual to see Nicaraguan men wearing shorts and the women dress conservatively. If you plan on going to church, dress smartly.