Getting there: Fly in through four of the busiest gateway airports – Mumbai’s Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (BOM), Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International Airport (DEL), Bangalore’s Kempegowda International Airport (BLR) and Chennai’s Chennai International Airport (MAA). There are several other international airports dotted around the country too.
Capital city: New Delhi.
Population: 1. 252 billion.
Religion: Hinduism,Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism.
Language: Hindi and English.
Currency: Indian rupee (INR).
Climate: The climate varies on going further north ranging from tropical in the south to temperate and alpine in the Himalayan north. There are two rainy seasons in India known as the Monsoons, occurring at very specific times. The southwest monsoon causes rain over most of the country, lasting from June to September and the northeast monsoon hits the east coast over October and February. The only region that receives rain from both monsoons is North-Eastern India. Consequently, this region also experiences the highest rainfall in the world.
Transport: Take a domestic flight or the train (the principal mode of transport in the country) for long distance travel. Travel regionally on one of the largest road networks in the world either by car (preferably with a driver) or bus. Cities are well serviced with public buses, taxis and auto rickshaws with some having extensive metro systems too.
Best time to travel: Visit most of the country during the cooler, dry season between November and March. The Himalayan regions will be very cold at this time and are best visited after the cold and snowfalls of winter from March to October.
What to wear: India is conservative so it is best to dress modestly. Lightweight clothing in natural fibres for the heat and warm clothing if visiting North India in winter.